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Friday, 18 September 2015


Dianthus is an annual flowering plant which can be grown in our garden very easily. Its small flowers are beautiful and attractive. It comes in various colors i.e., red, pink, purple, white etc. Most varieties bloom continuously during summer except extreme heat.
Dianthus does not need much attention. It can be grown in beds, containers or hanging baskets.

Dianthus is propagated by seeds. Seeds can be sown directly in garden or in raised beds/containers for transplanting. If you prefer flower bed, transplant seedlings of two or three leaves at a spacing of 20x20cm in beds.

Dianthus grows and blooms well in full sun and well drained rich soil. As basal manure a layer of Neem cake may be applied at the time of planting.

Watering at least twice or thrice in a week is necessary during dry period. Keep the bed always weed free for better growth and blooming.

Remove spent blooms to induce fresh blooms and keep good appearance.

Thursday, 10 September 2015


Image result for ladies finger palm

This ornamental Palm is suitable for indoor planting. It can be grown as outdoor plant as well. The leaves of the palm has 5 to 7 tapering segments like the fingers of a lady and hence the name “ladies Finger Palm”. The grown plants produces side shoots and forms a clump. It grows up to 2 meters high. The palms can be grown in pots as well as ground.

Regular irrigation and cleaning base is inevitable. Off shoots rhizomes are used for propagation. Seeds can also be used for multiplication.

Wednesday, 19 August 2015

Ruffled Fan Palm

The scientific name of this palm is Licuala grandis. This ornamental palm is widely grown in home gardens. The attractive stunning dark green ruffled leaves are the special feature of this palm. The leaves are circular in 20- 30 inches diameter and stalks of leaves are short and greenish. This is a slow growing palm. Though it can grow up to 10 feet high, usually it grows up to 5 feet. It might have 15 to 20 leaves when it is 4 feet high.

This palm is mostly suitable for outdoor garden. It can be grown in indoor also. It grows best in partial shady areas. The areas having direct sun light and wind must be avoided for planting. Regular watering is essential in summer. Excessive watering in periods other than summer causes abnormal growing and the palms become unattractive.

Sunday, 9 August 2015

Red Palm

This ornamental palm is widely used in small home gardens. This palm is also called as Red sealing wax palm and Lipstick palm. The attractive red color of its leaf stalks and feather like leaves are added features of this palm. This palm is grown as clusters not as single. This is grown more than ten meters high. So this can be planted as hedge plants in garden or centre plant in lawns.   To maintain the palm beautiful regular thinning and cleaning of clusters is necessary. Newly emerging suckers and seeds are used for propagation. Suckers are better for quick establishment of plants.

Wednesday, 5 August 2015

Ornamental Palms-Beauty spots of gardens

Today, in every small garden we can see that one or two ornamental palms are grown .They give good appearance to the small gardens. Many ornamental plants are available today. Some are suitable for planting as border row and some are suitable for planting in centre of gardens. Some varieties can also be grown in pots, over years. These pots can be placed along path ways or other suitable points of garden.

Selection of suitable varieties of Palm is very important. The right varieties have to be chosen according to our garden. Royal palm, Washington palm, Fox tail palm etc are grown singly in the centre of garden or as a row as border trees. Red, Yellow, Bismarkia, Latana, Bottle, Champagne varieties can be maintained in the centre of grass lawns. Yellow palm, Licola palm, Red palm, phoenix palm etc can be maintained in pots as well.

Ornamental palms are more or less single flowering plants. They take many years to attain their full size and maturity. So they maintain the garden beautiful for a long time.

Ornamental palms are less expensive comparing to other garden plants. They do not need much care except watering. They keep the garden cool as well as beautiful.

Sunday, 4 May 2014

Elephant yam Flower - An edible flower?

Flower buds of Elephant yam
Elephant yam flower is rarely available one. The unharvested rhizomes of Elephant foot yam flowers during April-May after getting one or two mango showers. The plant flowers for just five days and, for a few hours during that blooming, it releases an aroma of rotting flesh. So it is also called Stink lily.
Flower stage

The buds after removal of outer cover
The elephant yam flower bud is one of the edible flowers, which is a rich source of nutrients. The flower bud is comparatively less known to many because of its lesser availability. When the bud is flowered it stinks and become useless for cooking. So it should be used for cooking in bud stage.

Inner portion of flower bud

 The flower bud is as itchy as the rhizome of Elephant yam. The itchiest part of the bud is pollens. So the portion of pollens, ie lower portion of bud, should be avoided. This can be cooked in vegetarian and non-vegetarian styles.

The portion with pollen grains

Thursday, 17 April 2014

How to extract TOMATO seed?

The fruit red in color ready for harvest
We all know that quality seeds are necessary for growing Tomato. But how we make it from Tomato fruits? You know how to extract Tomato seed easily? Generally Tomato fruits for seed purpose are harvested when they turn red in colour. Extraction of seeds from these fruits is not so easy. To make it easy we can follow the following methods for extraction.
Ripe Fruits for seed
a)     Fermentation method:
In this method fruits are pulped and the pulp along with seeds is kept for fermentation for 24-48 hours. Then it is washed thoroughly to remove the mucilaginous material around the seeds and then dried under shade.
b)    Acid method:
First pulp the ripe fruits and add Con.HCL @ 100ml/10kg pulp. Keep the mixture for half an hour. The seeds will settle down at the bottom by the time.  Then remove the floating fraction and wash the seeds well. Use only plastic or cement containers for keeping pulp.
c)     Alkali method:
Sodium hydroxide or washing soda at the rate of 17 oz. in 1 gallon of water is mixed with equal quantity of pulp. Keep it overnight and wash and dry.
d)    Mechanical method:
De-seeding machine is used for extraction. Seeds and juice is separated by the machine. Seed is dried under shade.

Seeds extracted by fermentation method posses poor vigour and dull colour due to fungal activity whereas Seeds collected by acid method posses golden yellow colour and high vigour.