Search This Blog

Friday, 30 March 2012

CHILLI - A vegetable of Taste

A bearing Chilly plant
As you know, Chilli is an essential item of vegetable in Asian countries. It is mainly used for giving hot taste for curries and dishes. Besides, it also gives a great quantity of vitamin C.
green Chilly
This is an easily grown vegetable in homestead. Today, many high yielding varieties with different size of fruits are available for planting. Jwalasakhi, Jwalamukhi, Ujwla, Anugraha, G4, G5, NP46A,Jwala, Punjablal, BSS-141, BSS-138 are some of such varieties.
A young Chilli plant 
Chilli is a transplanted crop. Seeds have to be sown in beds. Irrigate the bed well. Bed may be covered with green leaves, up to germination, to avoid loss of moisture and keep optimum humidity. After germination irrigation may be reduced as once in a week. When the seedlings are one month old they can be transplanted in channels at a spacing of 45x30cm. May –August and September- December are best seasons for planting in Kerala.
Apply well rotten kitchen waste or cow dung powder as basal manure.Fertilisers @ 750 grams Urea, 2 kg Super phosphate and 200 grams Murate of potash per 100 sq m may also be added in channels before planting.
Irrigate the transplanted seedlings once in two days. Weeding must be done in time to time.
Ripe Chilly fruits
Bacterial wilt is the main threat to Chilli. Destroy infected plants as soon possible to control this. Spraying of 1% Bordeo mixture once in a month  is very effective to control such diseases.
Harvest can be started 90 days after sowing. Harvest will last for 2-3 months. We may get 1 to 2 kg of yield from a plant.


No comments:

Post a Comment