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Monday, 5 March 2012

Homestead Vegetables-Amaranth

Amaranth(Red)
Amaranth is a popular leafy vegetable. It is widely grown allover the world as Vegetable crop.This leafy vegetable is a rich source of iron and Vitamin-A. There are mainly two kinds of Amaranth. One is green in colour and other is red. The improved varieties of Amaranth are Co-1, Co-2, Co-3, Kannara local, Arun etc. It can be grown very easily throughout the year.

Amaranth(green)

Planting:

For planting, Amaranth seed must be sown and grown on raised bed in nursery for 20 to 30 days. Land for planting can be prepared by digging followed by leveling. Then take trenches of 20-30 cm width and add some cow dung powder or wormy compost in it. Mix the manure thoroughly with soil. The 20-30 day old seedlings grown in nursery can be transplanted in the trenches in a distance of 20 cm. Planting should be done on raised bed during rainy season. Avoid red Amaranth during periods of heavy rain.


Green Amarath planted in trenches and irrigated
Regular irrigation during summer is must.Timely weeding and manuring also has to be done for getting better yield.
Amaranth planted in trenches
First harvest can be done after two weeks of planting. Following harvests can be done once in a week. For getting better yield 1% Urea solution can be sprayed immediately after each harvest. 

Avoid use of chemical insecticide or fungicide for Amaranth as it is a leafy vegetable. In case of severe pest attack suitable organic insecticide can be used. The major pest of Amaranth is Leaf webber. 

Flowering plants for seed collection

Severe attack of Leaf webber on green Amaranth plants
 
Leaf webber on the plant

For collecting seed some plants may be allowed for flowering and maturity.

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