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Wednesday, 7 March 2012

Homestead Vegetables – Bhindi

Bhindi is widely used as vegetable in India and other countries. This vegetable is also known as Ladies finger and Okra. The scientific name of Bhindi is Abelmoschus esculentus .
Bhindi fruits timely harvested
The main seasons for planting Bhindi are Feb-March, June-July and Oct-November. Select an open area in homestead getting enough sun light and prepare for planting by taking shallow trenches, if the season is summer. Furrows are better in rainy season. Apply farm yard manure/cowdung powder as basal manure in trenches and incorporate the same with soil well. At the time of sowing some fertilizers at the rate of 1250 grams Ammonium Sulphate, 500grms Super phosphate and 500 grams of Muriate of Potash per 100 sq meters may be applied.1250 grams of Ammonium Sulphate can be applied one month after sowing in equal two or three doses in an interval of 20 days.  
Bhindi grown in trenches during summer
Sow the seeds at a space of 60 cm between rows and 45 cm between plants. Give pre-sowing irrigation if soil is not moist enough. During summer irrigate the plants at intervals of 3-5 days. Do weeding regularly and earth up rows during rainy season.
The main pest of Bhindi is Fruit and shoot borer. For controlling this pest remove drooping shoots and damaged fruits. Avoid pesticide as far as possible.
Fruits harvested  at a time from  one plant
First harvest can be done after 45-55 days. Further harvests my be done in alternate days so as to avoid over maturity of fruits. Over matured fruits may be earmarked for seed purpose.

Dry fruits for seed 

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