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Saturday, 10 March 2012

Homestead vegetables-Brinjal

The vegetable,Brinjal belongs to solanceous group. This is a popular vegetable. In almost all homes in Kerala(India) some Brinjal plants are grown for meeting their daily requirement. Brinjal is a rich source of vitamin A and B and it is also said that this vegetable has some medicinal value.

The varieties of Brinjal cultivated in India are Surya, Swetha, Haritha, Neelima, Arka, Pusa purple long, Pusa purple round etc.

The main seasons for planting Brinjal are Feb-March, May-June and Sept-October. Pest attack and diseases are the main threat of this crop. So the resistant varieties must be used for planting. For planting, seeds have to be sown on raised bed. When the seedlings are 10-12 cm high they can be transplanted at a distance of 60 cm between rows and 45 cm between plants. Use trenches in summer and furrows in rainy season for planting. Provide shade for transplanted seedlings for one week during summer. Regular watering is also necessary during the period.

Shoots of Brinjal in emergence of floering
Organic manure such as cow dung powder, compost, etc may be used as basal before planting. A layer of this manure is enough. Apply the following rate of fertilizers also at the time of planting for 100 areas.
 Urea                        : 500 grams
 Superphosphate       : 2kg
 Murat of Potash       : 400 grams
One month after planting 1 Kg Urea may be applied in 3 times in an interval of 20 days.  
A fruit of a local variety
The attacks of shoot and fruit borer, aphids, jasids etc are seen in Brinjal. Avoid use of pesticides as far as possible. 

The harvest can be started 60-75 days after sowing. Following harvests may be done in alternate days. Harvest lasts for 2 months and above.  

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