Search This Blog

Friday, 6 April 2012

BELL PEPPER (Capsicum annuum var.grossum)

This vegetable is not so popular in Kerala as in north Indian states and other countries. In Kerala, it is known as capsicum or Unda Mulake. However, usage of this vegetable has increased nowadays in Kerala. It is a rich source of vitamin C.
Hungarian Wax, California Wonder, Yolo wonder, Sweat Cherry pickling, Arka Basant, Arka Gourav are some of the promising varieties of Bell Pepper.

Bell Pepper is a transplanted crop. Seeds have to be sown in raised beds. Irrigate the bed well. Bed may be covered with green leaves, up to germination, to avoid loss of moisture and keep optimum humidity. After germination irrigation may be reduced as once in a week. When the seedlings are one month old they can be transplanted in channels at a spacing of 60x30cm. September- December is best season for planting in Kerala.
Apply well rotten kitchen waste or cow dung powder as basal manure. Fertilizers @ 750 grams Urea, 2 kg Super phosphate and 200 grams Murate of potash per 100 sq m may also be added in channels before planting.
Irrigate the transplanted seedlings once in two days. Weeding must be done in time to time.
Bacterial wilt and Mosaic disease is the main threat to Bell Pepper. Destroy infected plants as soon possible to control this. Spraying of 1% Bordeo-mixture once in a month is very effective to control wilt.
Harvest can be started 90 days after sowing. Harvest will last for 2-3 months. We may get 1 to 2.5 kg of yield from a plant.

No comments:

Post a Comment