Banana is mainly cultivated for fruit purpose. However it is used as vegetable too. Banana is grown well in tropical low land. It is available in many varieties with fruits of different size and taste. It`s fruits are rich source of vitamins and minerals. Tender leaves of this plant are also used for serving food in some countries including India.
|Nendran Banana planted|
|A Robusta bunch|
Palayankodan,Njalipoovan and Koompillakannan can be easily grown in homestead gardens. These varieties need only water during summer, if the soil is moderately fertile. They can also be grown as ratoon crop without expense. They need only kitchen waste.
|A Banana plant given propping|
The planting seasons of Banana are April-May and Sept-October. Suckers are used for propagation of Banana. Select 3-4 months old healthy and disease free sword suckers for planting. In the case of Nendran, cut back pseudo stem to a length of 15 cm from corm and remove old roots. The rhizomes should be smeared with cow dung solution and ash and dried in sun for about 3-4 days and stored in shade up to 15 days before planting.
|Banana plants developed by tissue culture|
Pseudo stem weevil, Rhizome weevil and Aphids are the major pests of Banana. To check pest attack select only healthy suckers for planting. As a preventive measure some FURADAN granules may be applied around the suckers at the time of planting.
Another major threat for growing banana is Bunchy top disease. To control this, destroy infected plants immediately. Spray any one of the organic insect repellents to prevent disease carrier insects.
|A healthy Banana plant|