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Wednesday, 30 May 2012

ELEPHANT FOOT YAM - A tuberous vegetable

Elephant foot yam is a tuber crop that can be grown easily in homestead garden.Its tuber looks like an Elephant`s foot, that is why this is called Elephant Foot Yam. It is one of the nutritious vegetables. It is a rich source of potassium, phosphorous, calcium and iron. Its tuber, stem and leaves are used for cooking. The scientific name of Elephant foot yam is Amorphophallus paeoniifolius. It is also known as Elephant foot and Elephant yam. In Kerala (India) it is known as Chena. It grows well in hot and humid climate.
Two major varieties of Elephant Foot Yam are 'Gajendra' and 'Santhragachi'.
Corm pieces are used for propagation of Elephant foot yam. The best season for planting is February-March, before onset of monsoon. Corm pieces can be planted in pits of 60x60x45 cm size filled with top soil and 2-4 kg cow dung or compost. Corm pieces weighing about 1kg is ideal for planting. Before planting, corms pieces may be dip in cow dung slurry and dried under shade.
A one month old Plant
After planting, the pits may be covered with dried leaves. The planting material will normally germinate within one month after planting.
Thickly grown  EFY plants
Weeding and next manuring may be given about 45 days after planting. Vermi compost or any other organic manure can be applied. Plant base may be kept cool and weed free for better yield. It doesn’t need irrigation.
The crop will be ready for harvest 8-9 months after planting.

1 comment:

  1. can you please elaborate how to propogate yam? If I buy yam from market, how can I use it to grow yam?