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Friday, 25 May 2012

SAPOTA – An evergreen fruit tree

The scientific name of Sapota is Manilkara zapota. It is an evergreen fruit- bearing tree that can be grown in all types of soil .It requires temperature range of 15-35 degree Celsius. Sapota fruit is a rich source of digestible sugar, protein, fiber and minerals like phosphorus, calcium and iron. In season we get plenty of fruits which can be had as it is.  
The promising varieties available are Cricket ball, Oval, Co-1, Co-2, Badami, Baramasi, Calcutta round etc.
A bearing Sapota plant
Sapota is propagated through layers and grafts. Khirni (Manilkara hexandra) plant is commonly used as root stock for grafting. The best time for planting is May-June. Grafts or layers are planted in pits of 60x60x60cm size at a spacing of 8x8m. 10 kg organic manure can be applied at the time planting. Gradually increase the quantity in later years. 1kg Urea, 1.5 kg Super phosphate, 1.5kg Murate of Potash can be applied for a full-grown plant, if the soil is not rich in organic matter.
No irrigation is required except during early stage and dry summer.
A Sapota tree starts bearing
Sapota begins bearing 3rd year of planting. It flowers throughout the year. But productive flowering is in October –November and February –March. Fruits mature about four months after flowering. Mature fruits, dull brown in color, are harvested.


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