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Tuesday, 26 June 2012

INDIAN GOOSEBERRY




Fruits

The scientific name of Indian Gooseberry is Phyllanthus emblica. In Kerala (INDIA) it is known as Nelli. Its fruits are rich source of Vitamin –C and calcium. It can be grown in homestead garden with little care. It prefers warm dry climate and soil except very sandy type.


The high yielding varieties of gooseberry are Chambakad Large, Banarasi, Krishna, and Kanchan.
Indian Gooseberry plant
Indian gooseberry is usually propagated by seeds and wedge grafting. Seeds can be extracted by drying the ripe fruits in the sun for 3-4 days till they split open releasing the seeds. The seeds can be directly sown. Root suckers can also be used for planting. One year old plants are planted in pits of 90 cubic centimeters in size during rainy season.
If the soil is poor in organic matters, some cattle manure or compost may be added while filling the pit with top soil for planting.
No serious pests or diseases are seen in this crop.
Indian Gooseberry plants start bearing about 10 years after planting.

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