Pomegranate is a fruit plant that gives highly nutritious fruits. It grows up to 15 to 20 feet high like a small tree. It belongs to the family of Punicaceae and scientifically known as Punica granatum L .In Kerala (India) it is known as Mathala narakam. Pomegranate fruits are rich source of Protein, Calcium, Phosphorous, Iron, Potassium etc. Pomegranate plants can be grown easily in homestead garden.
Some of the promising varieties of Pomegranate available in India are Bedana, Kandhari, Alandi, Dholka, Kabul, Muscat red, Paper shell and Poona.
Pomegranate favors a semi-arid climate and is extremely drought- tolerant. It is propagated by hardwood cuttings and layers. Rooted cuttings or layers are planted in pits of 60x60x60cm size. Apply some organic manure in pits before planting. Irrigate the plants regularly in initial days.
For good growth and production, the plants should be manured and irrigated regularly. Manures may be applied according to the fertility of soil.
Pomegranate starts bearing one year after planting. After 3-4 years it begins to give better yield .Usually the fruits ripen 6-7 months after flowering. Harvest only matured fruits.
No major pests or diseases are noticed in Pomegranate crop.